Have you ever tried to imagine what would our lives be if law did not exist? What would humanity look like now if there were no regulations, no guidelines and rules at all? Would people manage to find a way to balance everything and actually be able to live in a more free and liberated way?
It is the view of many people that law has a lot of bad sides and affects societies in a wrong way. They give examples with countries that do not have a proper law system and in such countries there are actually less crimes, scams and things like that. There was a research that was carried out in one of those countries. People put different regulations and procedures – just a basic type of law, and things suddenly got really bad.
People started to offend each other, to be hostile and to threaten each other more. Everybody was looking if the others do something wrong and immediately want to have justice for it even if it was for simple and trivial things. When the situation began to get much worse the scientists decided that it would be better to stop the research and bring things back to normal.
So it turns out that people would have coped with life even if law never existed. Then why is it so hard and even impossible for us to imagine our lives without it? Seems like once we have put restrictions and regulations to ourselves we could never get rid of them. We will always look for the firm and solid foundation that law is supposed to give to societies. It is like a closed circle – once you are in, you cannot get out.
Of course, law has many good sides too. We could only guess what our lives would be like if we had no law policy but surely many people would feel much more threatened if there were no restrictions at all. However, things still have more to develop – in many countries the law system is very corrupted – something with which the very law is supposed to deal with.
There are many different types of law. Some of them are specific only for certain countries or areas while others are widely spread and acknowledged everywhere. That’s why the first type of law when talking about them should be international law. Some people consider it the most important one because it deals with the relationships between whole nations which are very important and crucial to the whole world.
Next comes the constitutional law – it is concerned only with the rules withing a country. Each nation has pretty much independence when it comes to forming it hence the many differences between countries and societies in general. Of course, these regulations are always made according to the specifics of each nation so that they can suit it best. Constitutional law is something very complex and compound and requires huge knowledge and experience from those that form it. The consequences of a wrong administrative rule may be very bad not only for the country itself but for other nations as well.
Another type of law that is extremely important is criminal law. Pretty much every country deals with it one way or another. Despite the differences, however, all the regulations in the different countries have some common characteristics like penalties, regulations, punishments and so on. They are designed to serve the criminal law better and help in its enforcing. And while this type is widely covered by many governments, another type is very often neglected.
Intellectual property law has a huge importance that not many people fully understand. Here we talk about trademarks and patents as well as copyrights and related laws. They are implemented in our everyday life but since they have a non-material form we very often overlook them. The same thing can be said about equity and trusts regulations – some governments do not pay attention to such areas which later may cause many problems in society.
In general those are the most common types of decrees in the world. Other divisions may be religious, civil, family law, etc., but they are not typical for all countries.